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Hexagon Series on
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Vol 11

Gamal M. Selim: The International Dimensions of Democratization in Egypt: The Limits of Externally-Induced Change. Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace 11 (Heidelberg – New York – Dordrecht – London: Springer-Verlag, 2015), in production

ISBN: 978-3-642- (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-642- (Online
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-

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During the second half of the twentieth century, mainstream scholarship investigating the origins and expansion of democratic states presented the democratization process as the outcome of domestic conditions not significantly influenced by actors or forces outside the nation-state. During that period, the role of external factors was usually ignored in the study of democratization. In the post-Cold War era, this perspective was challenged as a result of the findings of studies examining the ‘third wave’ of democratization and the subsequent growth of ‘good governance’ discourse on the agenda of the international development establishment. While not fundamentally challenging the traditional premise that privileged the primacy of domestic factors, the new perspective nonetheless attached a more significant role to external factors in the democratization process than was originally conceptualized. This book examines the international dimensions of the democratization process in Egypt in the post Cold War era; a period that witnessed a visible increase of global pressures towards democratization. This theme acquired even more significance at the academic and policy-oriented levels in light of the growing internationalization of reform arrangements in the Arab world in the post 9/11 era, and subsequently the greater involvement of external powers in Arab domestic politics following the outbreak of the Arab Spring uprisings in 2011. The book seeks to evaluate the extent to which external factors have played a significant role in Egypt’s democratization process, as well as to analyze the mechanisms of influence and the conditions under which the influence of external factors have been produced; an important dimension that has not adequately been addressed to date.

Contents: Chapter 1. Introduction – Chapter 2. Conventional Explanations of Egyptian Democratization – Chapter 3. External Factors and Democratization: A Conceptual Framework – Chapter 4. Egyptian Political Transformations since Independence – Chapter 5. Egypt’s Integration into the Global Economy and the Dynamics of Political Deliberalization – Chapter 6. The Western Democracy Agenda in Egypt: The Persistence of the Democracy-Stability Dilemma – Chapter 7. Global Civil Society and Egypt’s Transition: The Dynamics of the Boomerang Effect – Chapter 8. Egypt and the Cross-National Diffusion of Democratic Experiences – Chapter 9. Conclusion.

Biography of the Author


Gamal M. Selim is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Port Said University (Egypt) and the British University in Egypt, and the Coordinator of Academic Activities for the International Association of Middle Eastern Studies (IAMES) headquartered at the University of Calgary (Canada). He obtained a PhD in Political Science from the University of Calgary in 2011. His research interests are situated in the fields of international relations and comparative politics, with a focus on international relations theory, arms control and non-proliferation, democratization, politics of development, and international relations of the Middle East. He has given numerous conference papers.

He has published: Global and Regional Approaches to Arms Control in the Middle East: A Critical Assessment from the Arab World. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace, Vol. 4, (Berlin—Heidelberg—New York: Springer, 2013); Sectarianism and External Intervention: The US Occupation of Iraq and the Rise of ‘Political Sectarianism’ in the Arab World. Strategic Papers Series, Vol. 237, (Cairo: Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, 2013); “The United States and the Arab Spring: The Dynamics of Political Engineering”, in: Arab Studies Quarterly, 35, 3 (Summer 2013); “The Impact of Post-Saddam Iraq on the Cause of Democratization in the Arab World”; in: International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies, 6,1 (April 2012); “Égypte: une révolution permanente, trahie ou kidnappée?”, in: Khader Bichara, (dir.), Le «printemps arabe»: un premier bilan (Paris: Alternatives Sud, 2012); “Continuity and Change in the US Arms Control Policy in the Middle East”, in: Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 35,1 (Fall 2011); “Perceptions of Hard Security Issues in the Arab World”, in: Brauch, Hans Günter; Oswald Spring, Úrsula; Mesjasz, Czeslaw; Grin, John; Kameri-Mbote, Patricia; Chourou, Béchir; Dunay, Pal; Birkmann, Jörn (Eds.), Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security—Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks (Berlin—Heidelberg—New York: Springer, 2011).

Contact: Department of Political Science, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt 42526 &
Department of Political Science, The British University in Egypt, Cairo, Egypt 11837
E-mail: <>.


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